Wednesday, September 22, 2010

Philosophies of Education

These are just some of the few philosophies of education. At least before the exam this weekend, some readers can read this as a sort of wrap up. Remember that "isms" are always present in the exam.

Behaviorism
a. Modification and shaping of behavior by providing conducive physical and external environment.
b. Teachers teach learners to respond favorably to various stimuli. Routines, drills, etc.
c. Teachers are concerned with the external factors of learning. Classroom arrangement, ventilation, etc. Reinforcements are also used like rewards, incentives and sometimes punishments.

Essentialism
a. Teachers teach basic knowledge, skills and values in order to pass them down to the learners for them to become good citizens
b. Subject centered, wherein learners must learn the "essentials": reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic(3Rs, but some includes the 4th which is right conduct) that can prepare them for life.
c. Teachers emphasize mastery of the subject matter. They are seen as all knowing, thus traditional method of teaching is prescribed.

Perennialism
a. Aim is to develop the rational mind
b. Emphasis is on the general education(So for the EEd, if asked what is the philosophy behind the major Content Courses, now you know the answer)
c. Teacher-centered, Socratic method, teachers decide what are the best techniques and methods to be used.

Progressivism
a. Nothing is permanent except change
b. Curriculum respond to the needs relevant to the learners' lives and experiences for them to cope up with change. Teachers present subject matter like technological advancements, social developments, etc.
c. Teachers employ experiential learning methods or hands on activities.

Existentialism
a. Existence over essence. Learners define their essence by giving them various options to choose or decide. Holistic, doesn't only focus on the mind.
b. Subject matter that will give learners chances to choose, to showcase their creativity and to express themselves, is given emphasis.
c. Learner centered. Learning is self-paced, self directed. Teachers must be respectful on the learners choices and preferences.

41 comments:

  1. tHANK u so much....
    salamat po ng marami...

    sir i hop ok lang.. na confuse lang po kasi ako sa dalawang tanong na ito...feeling ko kasi mali yung binigay na sagot ..
    ito po sir:

    1. Teacher L says: "If it is billiard that brings the student out of the classroom, let us bring it into the classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to teach math." To which philosophy does teacher adhere?
    a. progressivism
    b.essentialism
    c. existentialism
    d. reconstructionism

    ..sabi po sa nagrationalize c.existentialism daw po yung sagot
    pero nakita ko sa ibang reviewer ng isang university dito saamin A.progressivism yung sagot.
    nalilito po talaga ako kasi pwede din namang progressivism po dba kasi experiential
    pwede din pong existentialism kc learners choice at preference

    >>sury po sa disturbo
    wla na po akong ibang malalapitan ehehe
    malapit na po yung let exam next sunday na.. ^_^ c Lord na po ang bhala

    ReplyDelete
  2. ito din pong isang tanong...

    2. Specialization is knowing more and more about less and less. then it is better to be a generalist", claims teacher F. On which philosophy does Teacher F lean?
    a. essentialism
    b. progressivism
    c. perennialism
    d. existentialism

    ...sabi po nila A.Essentialism day po yung sagot
    eh dba po perennialism yung naga Emphasize sa general education..
    sury po sa distorbo
    salamat po talaga..
    kung alam nyo lang po kung gaano ka laki ang naitulong nyo sa pag re review ko...
    Godbless u po ^_^

    ReplyDelete
  3. hmmm...it's nice and i commend you that you have these certain questions in your mind at this time of your preparation for LET. you might not know it but it only shows that you already have your grounds on what is right or wrong. in your first question, it really is existentialism. i think it is already discussed above. let questions related to progressivism are more on educational changes (rbec, revisions on deped memoranda,k-12 etc). in your second question, stick with perennialism. to be honest, when i took the let, i myself answered essentialism but believe me it really is perennialism. (ive read this myself in one of the books written by those who designed the let). my last tip, believe in what you think is right. this is the danger of attending "final coaching" bcoz it only shakens your foundation of what you have previously studied. days b4 the let, i attended a final coachng of one of the review centers and i tell you, i didnt study nor even touch the reviewer i got from them. in fact i regret that i attended. Good luck and trust God and yourself.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for clarification Sir..
      Godbless and more power..

      Delete
  4. thank you so much sir...
    thanks po talaga.. na confuse po kasi talaga ako sa dalawang tanong na yan.. at now naintindihan ko na po ehehehe
    and i will take ur advice, i will believe on what i think is right... ^_^
    thanks for imparting your wisdom sir!!!!
    thanks for helping me out in my review through your blog
    (halos araw araw po akong nagbabasa sa blog nyo ehehehe)
    thanks for being an inspiration!!!
    your story and how u made it to the top inspires me
    God bless your kind and wonderful heart..
    ^_^

    ReplyDelete
  5. thanks po sa idea about sa principle of learning. Pwede po mag post uli kayo sa field study 2 episode 2 about the lesson objectives as my guiding star. mag post na din po kayo hangang episode 7.

    ReplyDelete
  6. ung mga question po kc mhirap sagutan. sa analysis and reflection and also sa portfolio din. bago na kasi ung field study ngayon. dati up to episode 3 now hanggang episode 7 na

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